Along with the legendary politician and human rights activist Nelson Mandela, former State President F.W. de Klerk of South Africa played a key role in ending apartheid and creating the nation’s modern constitution. Here, this visionary leader lays out his thinking on the move towards liberalization and peace that characterized much of geopolitics at the end of the 1980’s — and what imperils those objectives today.
Octavian Report: The late 1980’s and early 1990’s saw significant improvements in the prospects for peace in long-running conflicts: the Cold War, the end of apartheid, the Oslo Accords, and Northern Ireland. To what do you attribute this?
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F.W. de Klerk won the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to end apartheid in South Africa.